The transitions to economic sustainability are fluid, not firmly fixed, particularly from the regional-development aspect. Pure “dormitory villages”, whose inhabitants commute to work in urban centres and leave their energy supply to major companies and energy suppliers from distant countries, become self-sufficient regional producers of bio-based products and bioenergy. Localities gain new vitality, new jobs emerge in small and medium-sized companies as well as in agriculture and forestry. Private individuals, companies and municipalities get involved in an economic sense, and consequently social cohesion grows. All of this leads to a sense of having a greater stake in society and to peaceful social relations, without which there cannot be sustainability in the long term.