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AGEE-Stat: Development of renewable energies in Germany in 2020

Most currently, the Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) has released latest statistics for the development of renewable energies in Germany in 2020.

In 2020, the share of renewable energies in Germany's gross electricity consumption rose to 45.4 percent (2019: 42.0 percent). For the first time, renewable energy sources (RES) generated more electricity than all fossil fuels (coal, gas and oil) combined. Wind energy was also able to expand its position as the most important energy source in the German electricity mix.

Overall, the share of electricity generation from RES in gross electricity consumption is 45.4 percent, 3.4 percentage points higher than in the previous year (42.0 percent). An increase in the amount of renewable electricity is accompanied by a significant decrease in electricity consumption (minus four percent) due to the effects of the Corona pandemic.

With 251.0 bn kWh, electricity generation from the sun, wind, water and biomass was almost four percent higher compared to the previous year (242.4 bn kWh). This positive development was supported in roughly equal proportions by wind energy and photovoltaics. These two energy sources also contributed the largest share of renewable electricity generation in 2020, with 52 percent (wind) and 20 percent (photovoltaic). Wind energy and photovoltaic systems benefited from above-average sunny weather and very good wind conditions in individual months at the beginning of the year.

Heat, transport, greenhouse gas emissions

With a total of 179.9 bn kWh, final energy consumption for heat from renewable energies in 2020 was slightly below the level of the previous year. As a result, renewable energy accounted for 15.2 percent of total final energy consumption for heating and cooling in 2020 (15.0 percent in 2019). The share of renewable energies in the transport sector has risen significantly to 7.3 percent in 2020 (5.6 percent) due to a significant increase in the use of RES and at the same time a decline in total fuel consumption.

Bioenergy provides a stable amount, in absolute terms, to renewable electricity production. The lion share of renewable heat and transport energy is biomass based.

According to calculations by the Federal Environment Agency (UBA), the use of renewable energies could prevent around 227 m tonnes of greenhouse gas emissions in 2020. Of this, 181.1 m tonnes of CO2 equivalents were accounted for electricity, 36.3 m tonnes CO2 equivalents for heat and 9.3 m tonnes CO2 equivalents for transport.

Key information development of RES in Germany

Time series development of RES in Germany

The Working Group on Renewable Energy Statistics (AGEE-Stat) is an independent expert body and has been working since February 2004. The activities of the AGEE-Stat focus on the field of renewable energy statistics. In addition, the expert panel has the task of laying the groundwork for the various national, EU-wide and international reporting obligations of the Federal Government in the field of renewable energies and of providing general information and publicity on data and the development of renewable energies. The Federal Ministry of Food and Agriculture (BMEL) and FNR are members of the expert panel. FNR uses AGEE-Stat data for its publications on bioenergy, which are available in FNR’s ‘Mediathek’, providing latest information and regular updates on developments in the bioenergy sector among others.

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FNR contact person: Dietmar Kemnitz